A negative nitrogen balance indicates insufficient PROTEIN intake (due to illness, malnutrition, or aging).
It means the patient is using protein faster than it is being synthesized.
A key function of Vitamin D is that it helps with absorption of calcium.
Sunlight is a key source of Vitamin D! Other sources include: fortified milk, fatty fish, and eggs.
3,500 calories = 1 pound.
To lose 1 pound a week, patients need to decrease their daily caloric intake by 500 calories.
Best practices for patients with DYSPHAGIA
Deficiency of Thiamin (B1) = Beriberi
Deficiency of Riboflavin (B2) = Cheilosis, Glossitis
Deficiency of Folate (B9) = Neural tube defects (in utero)
Deficiency of Cobalamin (B12) = Pernicious anemia
- Consume small frequent meals.
- Do not drink liquids with meals.
- Include protein and fat at each meal.
- Avoid dairy products and concentrated sugar.
- Do not use alcohol based mouthwash!
- Use a soft toothbrush.
- Avoid acidic, spicy, dry, or crunchy foods.
- Cut food is smaller bites.
- Use a straw.
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