Medical Terminology Study Guide & Index:
Acronyms & Abbreviations

Medical Terminology flashcards:

Looking for prefixes, suffixes and more? Check out our other Medical Terminology guide: Word Parts and Anatomical Terms.

This list is also a comprehensive study guide of medical terminology to learn to help you succeed in nursing school and other healthcare fields. 


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Abbreviation Term Card Section
Abd Abdomen 150 Medical Acronyms
AAA Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 150 Medical Acronyms
AKA Above the Knee Amputation 151 Medical Acronyms
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome 151 Medical Acronyms
ADL Activities of Daily Living 151 Medical Acronyms
ACS Acute Coronary Syndrome 150 Medical Acronyms
AKI Acute Kidney Injury 152 Medical Acronyms
ARF Acute Renal Failure 153 Medical Acronyms
ARDS Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome 152 Medical Acronyms
APS Adult Protective Services 152 Medical Acronyms
AMA Against Medical Advice 152 Medical Acronyms
ETOH Alcohol 166 Medical Acronyms
A&O Alert and Oriented 150 Medical Acronyms
ALS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 152 Medical Acronyms
Abx Antibiotics 150 Medical Acronyms
ABG Arterial Blood Gas 150 Medical Acronyms
AF, AFib Atrial Fibrillation 151 Medical Acronyms
ASD Atrial Septal Defect 153 Medical Acronyms
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 151 Medical Acronyms
AICD Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator 151 Medical Acronyms
ANS Autonomic Nervous System 152 Medical Acronyms
BMP Basic Metabolic Panel 154 Medical Acronyms
BKA Below the Knee Amputation 153 Medical Acronyms
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy 154 Medical Acronyms
BLE Bilateral Lower Extremities 154 Medical Acronyms
BUE Bilateral Upper Extremities 155 Medical Acronyms
BiPAP Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure 153 Medical Acronyms
BP Blood Pressure 154 Medical Acronyms
BS Blood Sugar 155 Medical Acronyms
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen 155 Medical Acronyms
BMI Body Mass Index 154 Medical Acronyms
BM Bowel Movement 154 Medical Acronyms
BS Bowel Sounds 155 Medical Acronyms
BRCA Breast Cancer Gene 155 Medical Acronyms
BS Breath Sounds 155 Medical Acronyms
BIB Brought in by 153 Medical Acronyms
BBB Bundle Branch Block 153 Medical Acronyms
CRP C-reactive Protein 159 Medical Acronyms
CA Calcium 155 Medical Acronyms
CA Cancer 155 Medical Acronyms
CO Carbon Monoxide 158 Medical Acronyms
CO Cardiac Output 158 Medical Acronyms
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation 158 Medical Acronyms
CVD Cardiovascular Disease 160 Medical Acronyms
CNS Central Nervous System 157 Medical Acronyms
CVC Central Venous Catheter 160 Medical Acronyms
CVP Central Venous Pressure 160 Medical Acronyms
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid 159 Medical Acronyms
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident 160 Medical Acronyms
CPT Chest Physiotherapy 159 Medical Acronyms
CXR Chest X-ray 160 Medical Acronyms
CC Chief Complaint 156 Medical Acronyms
CPS Child Protective Services 159 Medical Acronyms
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder 158 Medical Acronyms
CRF Chronic Renal Failure 159 Medical Acronyms
C/D/I Clean, Dry, and Intact 157 Medical Acronyms
C. DIFF Clostridium Difficile 157 Medical Acronyms
C/O Complains of 158 Medical Acronyms
CBC Complete Blood Count 156 Medical Acronyms
CAT, CT Computerized (Axial) Tomography 156 Medical Acronyms
CHD Congenital Heart Disease 157 Medical Acronyms
CHF Congestive Heart Failure 157 Medical Acronyms
CBI Continuous Bladder Irrigation 156 Medical Acronyms
CPM Continuous Passive Motion 158 Medical Acronyms
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure 158 Medical Acronyms
CST Contraction Stress Test 159 Medical Acronyms
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft 156 Medical Acronyms
CAD Coronary Artery Disease 156 Medical Acronyms
C&S Culture and Sensitivity 155 Medical Acronyms
CF Cystic Fibrosis 157 Medical Acronyms
DW Daily Weights 163 Medical Acronyms
DOB Date of Birth 162 Medical Acronyms
DTR Deep Tendon Reflex 162 Medical Acronyms
DVT Deep Venous Thrombosis 162 Medical Acronyms
DI Diabetes Insipidus 161 Medical Acronyms
DM Diabetes Mellitus 161 Medical Acronyms
DKA Diabetic Ketoacidosis 161 Medical Acronyms
Dx Diagnosis 163 Medical Acronyms
DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure 161 Medical Acronyms
D&C Dilation and Curettage 160 Medical Acronyms
DC, D/C Discharge 161, 202 Medical Acronyms
DIC Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation 161 Medical Acronyms
DNI Do Not Intubate 162 Medical Acronyms
DNR Do Not Resuscitate 162 Medical Acronyms
DOE Dyspnea on Exertion 162 Medical Acronyms
ENT Ear, Nose, Throat 165 Medical Acronyms
Echo Echocardiogram 163 Medical Acronyms
EF Ejection Fraction 164 Medical Acronyms
ECG, EKG Electrocardiogram 163 Medical Acronyms
ECT Electroconvulsive Therapy 163 Medical Acronyms
EEG Electroencephalogram 164 Medical Acronyms
EMG Electromyography 165 Medical Acronyms
EFM Electronic Fetal Monitoring 164 Medical Acronyms
ED Emergency Department 164 Medical Acronyms
ESRD End-Stage Renal Disease 166 Medical Acronyms
ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography 165 Medical Acronyms
ET Endotracheal Tube 166 Medical Acronyms
EN Enteral Nutrition 165 Medical Acronyms
ED Erectile Dysfunction 164 Medical Acronyms
ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate 165 Medical Acronyms
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy 164 Medical Acronyms
EDD Estimated Date of Delivery 164 Medical Acronyms
ECMO Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation 163 Medical Acronyms
ESWL Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy 166 Medical Acronyms
EPS Extrapyramidal Symptoms 165 Medical Acronyms
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar 166 Medical Acronyms
FHR Fetal Heart Rate 167 Medical Acronyms
F&E Fluid and Electrolytes 166 Medical Acronyms
FOB Foot of Bed 167 Medical Acronyms
Fx Fracture 167 Medical Acronyms
FFP Fresh Frozen Plasma 167 Medical Acronyms
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease 168 Medical Acronyms
GI Gastrointestinal 168 Medical Acronyms
G-Tube Gastrostomy Tube 168 Medical Acronyms
GU Genitourinary 168 Medical Acronyms
GCS Glasgow Coma Scale 167 Medical Acronyms
GFR Glomerular Filtration Rate 168 Medical Acronyms
GBBS Group B Beta Strep 167 Medical Acronyms
HOH Hard of Hearing 170 Medical Acronyms
HOB Head of Bed 170 Medical Acronyms
HA Headache 169 Medical Acronyms
HF Heart Failure 170 Medical Acronyms
HR Heart Rate 171 Medical Acronyms
HCT, H&H Hematocrit 168, 169 Medical Acronyms
HD Hemodialysis 169 Medical Acronyms
HGB, H&H Hemoglobin 168, 170 Medical Acronyms
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus 171 Medical Acronyms
HDL High Density Lipoprotein 169 Medical Acronyms
Hx History 171 Medical Acronyms
H&P History and Physical 169 Medical Acronyms
HRT Hormone Replacement Therapy 171 Medical Acronyms
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus 170 Medical Acronyms
HPV Human Papillomavirus 170 Medical Acronyms
HBO Hyperbaric Oxygen 169 Medical Acronyms
HTN Hypertension 171 Medical Acronyms
ICD Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator 172 Medical Acronyms
IS Incentive Spirometer 173 Medical Acronyms
I&D Incision & Drainage 171 Medical Acronyms
IVC Inferior Vena Cava 173 Medical Acronyms
IBD Inflammatory Bowel Disease 172 Medical Acronyms
I&O Intake & Output 172 Medical Acronyms
ICU Intensive Care Unit 173 Medical Acronyms
ICS Intercostal Space 172 Medical Acronyms
IJ Internal Jugular 173 Medical Acronyms
INR International Normalized Ratio 173 Medical Acronyms
ICP Intracranial Pressure 172 Medical Acronyms
IUD Intrauterine Device 173 Medical Acronyms
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome 172 Medical Acronyms
JP Drain Jackson-Pratt Drain 174 Medical Acronyms
JVD Jugular Vein Distension 174 Medical Acronyms
KVO Keep Vein Open 174 Medical Acronyms
Lap Chole Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy 174 Medical Acronyms
LGA Large for Gestational Age 175 Medical Acronyms
LBBB Left Bundle Branch Block 174 Medical Acronyms
LCA Left Coronary Artery 175 Medical Acronyms
LLE Left Lower Extremity 175 Medical Acronyms
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant 176 Medical Acronyms
LOA Left Occiput Anterior 176 Medical Acronyms
LOP Left Occiput Posterior 176 Medical Acronyms
LUE Left Upper Extremity 176 Medical Acronyms
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant 177 Medical Acronyms
LV Left Ventricular 177 Medical Acronyms
LHF Left-sided Heart Failure 170 Medical Acronyms
LOS Length of Stay 176 Medical Acronyms
LOC Level of Consciousness 176 Medical Acronyms
LFT Liver Function Tests 175 Medical Acronyms
LOC Loss of Conscoiusness 176 Medical Acronyms
LBP Low Back Pain 174 Medical Acronyms
LBW Low Birth Weight 175 Medical Acronyms
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein 175 Medical Acronyms
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging 178 Medical Acronyms
MAP Mean Arterial Pressure 177 Medical Acronyms
MAR Medication Administration Record 177 Medical Acronyms
METS Metastasis 178 Medical Acronyms
MRSA Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus 178 Medical Acronyms
MVA Motor Vehicle Accident 179 Medical Acronyms
MAE Moves All Extremities 177 Medical Acronyms
MODS Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome 178 Medical Acronyms
MS Multiple Sclerosis 178 Medical Acronyms
MD Muscular Dystrophy 177 Medical Acronyms
MI Myocardial Infarction 178 Medical Acronyms
NC Nasal Cannula 179 Medical Acronyms
NG Nasogastric 179 Medical Acronyms
N/V Nausea and Vomiting 180 Medical Acronyms
NAD No Apparent Distress 179 Medical Acronyms
NKA No Known Allergies 179 Medical Acronyms
NKDA No Known Drug Allergies 179 Medical Acronyms
NSAID Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug 180 Medical Acronyms
NST Non-Stress Test 180 Medical Acronyms
NWB Non-Weight Bearing 180 Medical Acronyms
NSR Normal Sinus Rhythm 180 Medical Acronyms
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder 181 Medical Acronyms
OT Occupational Therapy 181 Medical Acronyms
ORIF Open Reduction, Internal Fixation 181 Medical Acronyms
OTA Open To Air 181 Medical Acronyms
OR Operating Room 181 Medical Acronyms
OA Osteoarthritis 180 Medical Acronyms
OOB Out Of Bed 181 Medical Acronyms
OTC Over The Counter 182 Medical Acronyms
PRBC Packed Red Blood Cells 185 Medical Acronyms
PTT Partial Thromboplastin Time 187 Medical Acronyms
PWB Partial Weight Bearing 187 Medical Acronyms
PROM Passive Range of Motion 186 Medical Acronyms
PMH Past Medical History 184 Medical Acronyms
PDA Patent Ductus Arteriosus 183 Medical Acronyms
Pt Patient 186 Medical Acronyms
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 184 Medical Acronyms
PUD Peptic Ulcer Disease 187 Medical Acronyms
PCI Percutaneous Coronary Intervention 182 Medical Acronyms
PTCA Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty 186 Medical Acronyms
PAD Peripheral Arterial Disease 182 Medical Acronyms
PICC Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter 184 Medical Acronyms
PD Peritoneal Dialysis 183 Medical Acronyms
  PERRLA 184 Medical Acronyms
PT Physical Therapy 186 Medical Acronyms
PMI Point of Maximal Impulse 185 Medical Acronyms
PET Positron Emission Tomography 184 Medical Acronyms
PACU Post Anesthesia Care Unit 182 Medical Acronyms
POD Post Op Days 185 Medical Acronyms
  Post-op 185 Medical Acronyms
PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 186 Medical Acronyms
  Pre-op 185 Medical Acronyms
PAC Premature Atrial Contraction 182 Medical Acronyms
PROM Premature Rupture of Membranes 186 Medical Acronyms
PVC Premature Ventricular Complex 187 Medical Acronyms
PVC Premature Ventricular Contraction 187 Medical Acronyms
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome 185 Medical Acronyms
PCU Progressive Care Unit 183 Medical Acronyms
PSA Prostate Specific Antigen 186 Medical Acronyms
PT Prothrombin Time 186 Medical Acronyms
PAWP Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure 182 Medical Acronyms
PCWP Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure 183 Medical Acronyms
PE Pulmonary Embolism 183 Medical Acronyms
PFT Pulmonary Function Tests 184 Medical Acronyms
PEA Pulseless Electrical Activity 183 Medical Acronyms
ROM Range of Motion 188 Medical Acronyms
RBC Red Blood Cell 188 Medical Acronyms
RDS Respiratory Distress Syndrome 188 Medical Acronyms
RSV Respiratory Syncytial Virus 188 Medical Acronyms
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis 187 Medical Acronyms
RBBB Right Bundle Branch Block 187 Medical Acronyms
RLE Right Lower Extremity 188 Medical Acronyms
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant 188 Medical Acronyms
RUE Right Upper Extremity 189 Medical Acronyms
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant 189 Medical Acronyms
RHF Right-sided Heart Failure 170 Medical Acronyms
RA Room Air 187 Medical Acronyms
S/T Secondary To 191 Medical Acronyms
SCD Sequential Compression Device 189 Medical Acronyms
STI Sexually Transmited Infection 191 Medical Acronyms
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease 191 Medical Acronyms
SOB Shortness of Breath 191 Medical Acronyms
S&S Signs and Symptoms 189 Medical Acronyms
SBO Small Bowel Obstruction 189 Medical Acronyms
SGA Small for Gestational Age 190 Medical Acronyms
SCI Spinal Cord Injury 190 Medical Acronyms
STEMI ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction 191 Medical Acronyms
S/P Status Post 191 Medical Acronyms
SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 190 Medical Acronyms
SVC Superior Vena Cava 191 Medical Acronyms
SVT Supra-Ventricular Tachycardia 192 Medical Acronyms
SIADH Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone 190 Medical Acronyms
SIRS Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome 190 Medical Acronyms
SLE Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 190 Medical Acronyms
SBP Systolic Blood Pressure 189 Medical Acronyms
TMJ Temporomandibular Joint 193 Medical Acronyms
TORCH Teratogenic infections 193 Medical Acronyms
TOF Tetralogy of Fallot 193 Medical Acronyms
THA Total Hip Arthroplasty 193 Medical Acronyms
THR Total Hip Replacement 193 Medical Acronyms
TKA Total Knee Arthroplasty 193 Medical Acronyms
TKR Total Knee Replacement 193 Medical Acronyms
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition 194 Medical Acronyms
TENS Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation 192 Medical Acronyms
TEE Transesophageal Electrocardiogram 192 Medical Acronyms
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack 193 Medical Acronyms
TURP Transurethral Resection of Prostate Gland 194 Medical Acronyms
TBI Traumatic Brain Injury 192 Medical Acronyms
Tx Treatment 194 Medical Acronyms
TB Tuberculosis 192 Medical Acronyms
T&C Type and Crossmatch 192 Medical Acronyms
URI Upper Respiratory Infection 194 Medical Acronyms
UA Urinalysis 194 Medical Acronyms
UO Urinary Output 194 Medical Acronyms
UTI Urinary Tract Infection 195 Medical Acronyms
VRE Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus 195 Medical Acronyms
V/Q Scan Ventilation Perfusion Scan 195 Medical Acronyms
VAD Ventricular Assist Device 195 Medical Acronyms
VF, VFib Ventricular Fibrillation 195 Medical Acronyms
VSD Ventricular Septal Defect 196 Medical Acronyms
VT, VTach Ventricular Tachycardia 196 Medical Acronyms
VS Vital Signs 195 Medical Acronyms
WBAT Weight Bearing As Tolerated 196 Medical Acronyms
W/C Wheelchair 196 Medical Acronyms
W/A While Awake 196 Medical Acronyms
WBC White Blood Cell 196 Medical Acronyms
  Ad lib 197 Prescription Abbreviations
p.c. After meals 199 Prescription Abbreviations
u.d. As directed 201 Prescription Abbreviations
prn As needed 186, 199 Prescription Abbreviations
noct. At night 198 Prescription Abbreviations
a.c. Before meals 197 Prescription Abbreviations
a.m. Before noon 197 Prescription Abbreviations
bol. Bolus 197 Prescription Abbreviations
a.u. Both ears 202 Prescription Abbreviations
o.u. Both eyes 202 Prescription Abbreviations
p.o. By mouth 199 Prescription Abbreviations
pr By rectum 199 Prescription Abbreviations
cap. Capsule 197 Prescription Abbreviations
cc Cubic centimeters 202 Prescription Abbreviations
q1d Daily 202
Prescription Abbreviations
D₅NS Dextrose 5% in normal saline 197 Prescription Abbreviations
D₅W Dextrose 5% solution 197 Prescription Abbreviations
Sig., S. Directions 200 Prescription Abbreviations
DC, D/C Discontinue 161, 202 Prescription Abbreviations
gtt Drop 197 Prescription Abbreviations
q Every 199 Prescription Abbreviations
qpm Every afternoon 200 Prescription Abbreviations
Q.D., q.d. Every day 202 Prescription Abbreviations
Qh, q1h Every hour 199 Prescription Abbreviations
qam Every morning 199 Prescription Abbreviations
qpm Every night 200 Prescription Abbreviations
qhs Every night at bedtime 202 Prescription Abbreviations
Q.O.D., q.o.d. Every other day 202 Prescription Abbreviations
gr Grain 197 Prescription Abbreviations
g Gram 197 Prescription Abbreviations
h.s. Half strength 202 Prescription Abbreviations
h, hr Hour 197 Prescription Abbreviations
h.s. Hours of sleep 202 Prescription Abbreviations
STAT Immediately 200 Prescription Abbreviations
IU International Units 202 Prescription Abbreviations
ID Intradermal 198 Prescription Abbreviations
IM Intramuscular 198 Prescription Abbreviations
IV Intravenous 198 Prescription Abbreviations
IVPB Intravenous piggyback 198 Prescription Abbreviations
IVP Intravenous push 198 Prescription Abbreviations
LR Lactated Ringers 200 Prescription Abbreviations
a.s. Left ear 202 Prescription Abbreviations
o.s. Left eye 202 Prescription Abbreviations
MgSO4 Magnesium sulfate 202
Prescription Abbreviations
mcg, µ Micrograms 198, 202 Prescription Abbreviations
mEq Milliequivalent 198 Prescription Abbreviations
mg Milligram 198 Prescription Abbreviations
mL Milliliter 198 Prescription Abbreviations
MS, MSO4 Morphine sulfate 202
Prescription Abbreviations
NS Normal saline 199 Prescription Abbreviations
npo Nothing by mouth 198 Prescription Abbreviations
qw Once a week 200 Prescription Abbreviations
p.o. Orally 199 Prescription Abbreviations
oz Ounce 199 Prescription Abbreviations
Rx Prescription 200 Prescription Abbreviations
r Rectal 200 Prescription Abbreviations
rep Repeats 200 Prescription Abbreviations
a.d. Right ear 202 Prescription Abbreviations
o.d. Right eye 202 Prescription Abbreviations
RL Ringer’s lactate 200 Prescription Abbreviations
sol Solution 200 Prescription Abbreviations
nebul Spray 198 Prescription Abbreviations
Sc, sq, subq Subcutaneous 202 Prescription Abbreviations
SL Sublingual 200 Prescription Abbreviations
qs Sufficient quantity 200 Prescription Abbreviations
supp Suppository 200 Prescription Abbreviations
susp Suspension 200 Prescription Abbreviations
syr Syrup 201 Prescription Abbreviations
tab Tablet 201 Prescription Abbreviations
x Times 201 Prescription Abbreviations
top. Topical 201 Prescription Abbreviations
bd, bid Twice a day 197 Prescription Abbreviations
  Units 202 Prescription Abbreviations
vag Vaginally 201 Prescription Abbreviations
w With 201 Prescription Abbreviations
c With food 197 Prescription Abbreviations
s, w/o Without 200, 201 Prescription Abbreviations
y.o. Years old 201 Prescription Abbreviations