Nursing Tips

Level Up on Your Exams and Career!

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia

January 22, 2020

If your patient has hypoglycemia (blood glucose level under 70 mg/dL), provide a 10-20g carbohydrate. This could be a 4 oz juice or regular soda.
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Proton Pump Inhibitors

Proton Pump Inhibitors

January 20, 2020

Omeprazole and Pantoprazole are Proton Pump Inhibitors used to treat duodenal and gastric ulcers, GERD, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. HINT: I will take Omeprazole andpray my ulcer pain goes away.
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Hyperkolemia & Hypokolemia

Hyperkolemia & Hypokolemia

January 17, 2020

The MOST important side effect to know for BOTH hyperkalemia and hypokalemia is DYSRHYTHMIAS.
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Family Transitions

Family Transitions

January 15, 2020

Examples ofTransitions in families: birth of child, death in family, divorce, major illness, loss of income.Transitions = time of risk for family.
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Chloride Range

Chloride Range

January 13, 2020

Chloride (Cl) expected range: 98 - 106 mEq/L
HINT: I like my hot tub chlorinated, with a temperature between 98-106 degrees.
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Somogyi Phenomenon

Somogyi Phenomenon

January 10, 2020

Somogyi phenomenon is MORNING hyperglycemia due to untreated OVERNIGHT hypoglycemia. To prevent Somogyi's phenomenon, provide a bedtime snack and insulin.
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Pregnancy Weight Gain

Pregnancy Weight Gain

January 08, 2020

Expected weight gain during pregnancy: 25-35 pounds. 
Underweight patients: 28-40 pounds.
Overweight patients: 15-25 pounds.
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Sucralfate

Sucralfate

January 06, 2020

Sucralfate is a Mucosal Protectant used to treat duodenal ulcers. It reacts with stomach acid to form a thick paste that adheres to ulcers. HINT: Sucralfate gets sucked down into ulcers.
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Hospice Care

Hospice Care

January 03, 2020

Hospice care is focused on palliative care (i.e. symptom management), NOT on curing a disease.
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Troponin

Troponin

January 01, 2020

Troponin T and I are key cardiac enzymes that become elevated when there is damage to the heart. 

Tropnin T: Elevated within 2-3 hours, Elevated for 10-14 days. 

Troponin I: Elevated within 2-3 hours, Elevated for 7-10 days.
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IBS Medications

IBS Medications

December 30, 2019

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Medications: setron is used for IBS w/diarrhea.
HINT: You might aloe on your backside from all that diarrhea. 
 

Lubiprostone is used for IBS w/consipation. 
HINT: Use lubiprostone to "lube up that stone-like stool".
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Diabetes HgbA1C Levels

Diabetes HgbA1C Levels

December 27, 2019

For patients with Diabetes, the goal is to keep their HgbA1C under 7!
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