Fundamentals of Nursing Study Guide & Flashcard Index

Here is the list of topics covered in our Fundamentals of Nursing Flashcards, which can be used as an easy reference guide for your flashcards. This is also an essential list of the Fundamentals topics to know for your nursing exams!

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Fundamentals of Nursing Study Guide and Flashcard Index
Topic Card # Section
Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) 1 Principles
Nursing Practice Act (NPA) 1 Principles
State Boards of Nursing (BON) 1 Principles
Malpractice 10 Principles
Negligence 10 Principles
Unintentional Torts 10 Principles
Mandatory Reporting 11 Principles
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development 12 Principles
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development 14 Principles
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development 15 Principles
Health Belief Model 16 Principles
Transtheoretical Model 17 Principles
Nonverbal Communication 19 Principles
American Nurses Association (ANA) 2 Principles
Therapeutic Communication 20 Principles
Nontherapeutic Communication 21 Principles
Domains of Learning 22 Principles
Patient Education 22-24 Principles
Health Literacy 23 Principles
Culturally Competent Care 26 Principles
Ethnocentrism 26 Principles
Cultural Considerations 26-28 Principles
Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM) 29 Principles
Advocacy 3 Principles
Autonomy 3 Principles
Beneficence 3 Principles
Fidelity 3 Principles
Justice 3 Principles
Nonmaleficence 3 Principles
Veracity 3 Principles
Fowler's 30 Principles
High-Fowler's 30 Principles
Patient Positions 30 Principles
Prone 30 Principles
Semi-Fowler's 30 Principles
Supine 30 Principles
Lateral 31 Principles
Lithotomy 31 Principles
Reverse Trendelenburg 31 Principles
Sims' Position 31 Principles
Trendelenburg 31 Principles
Chain of Infection 32-33 Principles
Infectious Agent 32-33 Principles
Mode of Transmission 32-33 Principles
Portal of Entry 32-33 Principles
Portal of Exit 32-33 Principles
Reservoir 32-33 Principles
Susceptible Host 32-33 Principles
Convalescence 34 Principles
Incubation 34 Principles
Prodromal 34 Principles
Stages of Infection 34 Principles
Active Artificial Immunity 35 Principles
Active Natural Immunity 35 Principles
Passive Artificial Immunity 35 Principles
Passive Natural Immunity 35 Principles
Acute Illness 36 Principles
Chronic Illness 36 Principles
Modifiable Risk Factors 36 Principles
Non-Modifiable Risk Factors 36 Principles
Fire Safety 37 Principles
PASS Sequence 37 Principles
RACE Sequence 37 Principles
Bomb Threat 38 Principles
Chemical Exposure 38 Principles
Equipment Malfunction 38 Principles
Tornado 38 Principles
Sharps Injury 39 Principles
Documentation 4, 25 Principles
Injury Prevention 40 Principles
Brachytherapy 41 Principles
Internal Radiation 41 Principles
Informed Consent 5 Principles
Leaving Against Medical Advice (AMA) 6 Principles
Right to Refuse 6 Principles
Advance Directives 7 Principles
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) 7 Principles
Durable Power of Attorney (DPOA) 7 Principles
Living Will 7 Principles
Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) 7 Principles
Physician's Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) 7 Principles
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) 8 Principles
Assault 9 Principles
Battery 9 Principles
Defamation of Character 9 Principles
False Imprisonment 9 Principles
Intentional Torts 9 Principles
Invasion of Privacy 9 Principles
SMART Goal 42 Practice & Skills
Case Manager 43 Practice & Skills
Occupational Therapist 43 Practice & Skills
Physical Therapist 43 Practice & Skills
Provider 43 Practice & Skills
Respiratory Therapist 43 Practice & Skills
Social Worker 43 Practice & Skills
Speech Language Pathologist 43 Practice & Skills
SBAR Communication 44 Practice & Skills
Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) 46-47 Practice & Skills
Infection Control 46-54 Practice & Skills
Hand Hygiene 48 Practice & Skills
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 49 Practice & Skills
Contact Precautions 50 Practice & Skills
Standard Precautions 50 Practice & Skills
Universal Precautions 50 Practice & Skills
Transmission Precautions 50-51 Practice & Skills
Airborne Precautions 51 Practice & Skills
Droplet Precautions 51 Practice & Skills
Protective Isolation 52 Practice & Skills
Sterile Field 53-54 Practice & Skills
Bed Baths 55 Practice & Skills
Bed Making 55 Practice & Skills
Denture Care 56 Practice & Skills
Oral Care 56 Practice & Skills
Seizures 57 Practice & Skills
Acute Pain 58 Practice & Skills
Breakthrough Pain 58 Practice & Skills
Chronic Pain 58 Practice & Skills
Pain 58-60 Practice & Skills
Cutaneous Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Idiopathic Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Neuropathic Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Nociceptive Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Referred Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Somatic Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Visceral Pain 59 Practice & Skills
Adjuvant Analgesics 60 Practice & Skills
Nonopioid Analgesics 60 Practice & Skills
Opioid Analgesics 60 Practice & Skills
Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) 61 Practice & Skills
Circadian Rhythm 62 Practice & Skills
Sleep 62-63 Practice & Skills
Insomnia 63 Practice & Skills
Narcolepsy 63 Practice & Skills
Sleep Apnea 63 Practice & Skills
Sleep Hygiene 63 Practice & Skills
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) 64 Practice & Skills
Grief 65-66 Practice & Skills
Anticipatory Grief 66 Practice & Skills
Complicated Grief 66 Practice & Skills
Disenfranchised Grief 66 Practice & Skills
Normal Grief 66 Practice & Skills
Hospice Care 67 Practice & Skills
Palliative Care 67 Practice & Skills
Immobility 68-71 Practice & Skills
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) 69 Practice & Skills
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living 69 Practice & Skills
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) 70 Practice & Skills
Canes 72 Practice & Skills
Walkers 72 Practice & Skills
Mobility Devices 72-74 Practice & Skills
Crutches 73-74 Practice & Skills
Fall Preventions 75-76 Practice & Skills
Restraints 77-78 Practice & Skills
Pressure Injuries 79-80 Practice & Skills
Hemostasis 81 Practice & Skills
Inflammatory Phase 81 Practice & Skills
Maturation 81 Practice & Skills
Proliferation 81 Practice & Skills
Wound Healing 81-84 Practice & Skills
Primary Intention 82 Practice & Skills
Secondary Intention 82 Practice & Skills
Tertiary Intention 82 Practice & Skills
Wound Drainage 84 Practice & Skills
Wound Culture 85 Practice & Skills
Wound Irrigation 85 Practice & Skills
Sterile Dressing 86 Practice & Skills
Staples 87 Practice & Skills
Sutures 87 Practice & Skills
Wound Drains 88 Practice & Skills
Diabetic Foot Care 89 Practice & Skills
Hypertonic 90 Practice & Skills
Hypotonic 90 Practice & Skills
Isotonic 90 Practice & Skills
Osmolarity 90-91 Practice & Skills
Insensible Losses 92 Practice & Skills
Sensible Losses 92 Practice & Skills
Fluid Volume Deficit 93 Practice & Skills
Fluid Volume Excess 94 Practice & Skills
Calcium (Ca) 95 Practice & Skills
Hypercalcemia 95 Practice & Skills
Hypocalcemia 95 Practice & Skills
Hypermagnesemia 96 Practice & Skills
Hypomagnesemia 96 Practice & Skills
Magnesium (Mg) 96 Practice & Skills
Hyperkalemia 97 Practice & Skills
Hypokalemia 97 Practice & Skills
Potassium (K) 97 Practice & Skills
Hypernatremia 98 Practice & Skills
Hyponatremia 98 Practice & Skills
Sodium (Na) 98 Practice & Skills
Respiratory Acidosis 99 Practice & Skills
Respiratory Alkalosis 99 Practice & Skills
Acid/Base Imbalances 99-100 Practice & Skills
Metabolic Acidosis 100 Practice & Skills
Metabolic Alkalosis 100 Practice & Skills
Carbohydrates 101 Practice & Skills
Fats 101 Practice & Skills
Macronutrients 101 Practice & Skills
Proteins 101 Practice & Skills
Micronutrients 102 Practice & Skills
Body Mass Index (BMI) 103 Practice & Skills
Dysphagia 104 Practice & Skills
Clear Liquid Diet 105 Practice & Skills
Dysphagia Diet 105 Practice & Skills
Full Liquid Diet 105 Practice & Skills
NPO 105 Practice & Skills
Soft Diet 105 Practice & Skills
Foodborne Illness 106 Practice & Skills
Capillary Blood Glucose Measurement 107 Practice & Skills
Nasogastric Tubes 108-110 Practice & Skills
Enteral Nutrition 111-113 Practice & Skills
Parenteral Nutrition 114 Practice & Skills
Urine Specific Gravity 115 Practice & Skills
Urinary Elimination 115-123 Practice & Skills
24-Hour Urine Collection 116 Practice & Skills
Clean Catch Urine Specimen 116 Practice & Skills
Sterile Specimen 116 Practice & Skills
Urinalysis 116 Practice & Skills
Stress Incontinence 117 Practice & Skills
Urge Incontinence 117 Practice & Skills
Urinary Incontinence 117 Practice & Skills
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) 118-119 Practice & Skills
Bladder Scanner 120 Practice & Skills
Intermittent Catheter 121 Practice & Skills
Straight Catheter 121 Practice & Skills
Urinary Catheters 121-123 Practice & Skills
Indwelling Urinary Catheter 121, 123 Practice & Skills
External Urine Collection Devices 122 Practice & Skills
Suprapubic Catheter 122 Practice & Skills
Constipation 124 Practice & Skills
Diarrhea 124 Practice & Skills
Bowel Elimination 124-129 Practice & Skills
Colostomy 125 Practice & Skills
Ileostomy 125 Practice & Skills
Ostomies 125-126 Practice & Skills
Laxatives 127 Practice & Skills
Rectal Suppositories 127 Practice & Skills
Enemas 127-128 Practice & Skills
Fecal Occult Blood Test 129 Practice & Skills
Diffusion 130 Practice & Skills
Perfusion 130 Practice & Skills
Ventilation 130 Practice & Skills
Oxygenation 130-140 Practice & Skills
Hypoxemia 131 Practice & Skills
Hypoxia 131 Practice & Skills
Oxygen Toxicity 131 Practice & Skills
Incentive Spirometer 132 Practice & Skills
Aerosol Mask 133 Practice & Skills
Face Tent 133 Practice & Skills
Nasal Cannula 133 Practice & Skills
Non-Rebreather 133 Practice & Skills
Partial Rebreather 133 Practice & Skills
Simple Face Mask 133 Practice & Skills
Venturi Mask 133 Practice & Skills
Chest Physiotherapy 134 Practice & Skills
Positive Airway Pressure 134 Practice & Skills
Suctioning 134-135 Practice & Skills
Chest Tubes 136-137 Practice & Skills
Artificial Airways 138 Practice & Skills
Tracheostomy 138-139 Practice & Skills
Home Oxygen Safety 140 Practice & Skills
Preoperative Care 141 Practice & Skills
Perioperative Care 141-143 Practice & Skills
Intraoperative Care 142 Practice & Skills
Post-Anesthesia Care 142 Practice & Skills
Postoperative Care 142-143 Practice & Skills
Abandonment 10, 157 Gerontology
Presbyopia 151 Gerontology
Presbycusis 152 Gerontology
Alzheimer's Disease 154 Gerontology
Sundowning 154 Gerontology
Delirium 155 Gerontology
Dementia 155 Gerontology
Depression 155 Gerontology
Polypharmacy 156 Gerontology
Elder Mistreatment 157-158 Gerontology
Respite Care 158 Gerontology
Communication 18-21, 153 Gerontology
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 13, 160 Leadership
Authoritarian Leadership 159 Leadership
Autocratic Leadership 159 Leadership
Democratic Leadership 159 Leadership
Laissez-Faire Leadership 159 Leadership
Leadership Styles 159 Leadership
Transactional Leadership 159 Leadership
Transformational Leadership 159 Leadership
Airway, Breathing, Circulation 160 Leadership
Nursing Process 42, 160, 186 Leadership
Acute v. Chronic Priority 161 Leadership
Invasive Procedures 162 Leadership
Restrictive Procedures 162 Leadership
Survivability Potential 162 Leadership
Delegation 163-165 Leadership
Unlicensed Assistive Personnel (UAPs) 164 Leadership
LPNs 165 Leadership
LVNs 165 Leadership
Practical Nurses 165 Leadership
Critical Pathways 166 Leadership
Efficient Nursing Practice 166 Leadership
Intergroup Conflict 167 Leadership
Interpersonal Conflict 167 Leadership
Intrapersonal Conflict 167 Leadership
Conflicts 167-168 Leadership
Accommodating 168 Leadership
Avoiding 168 Leadership
Collaborating 168 Leadership
Competing 168 Leadership
Compromising 168 Leadership
Conflict Management Strategies 168 Leadership
Smoothing 168 Leadership
Employee Performance Appraisal 169 Leadership
Performance Appraisal 169 Leadership
Chemically-Impaired Employees 170 Leadership
Disciplinary Action 170 Leadership
Quality Improvement (QI) 171 Leadership
Adverse Event 172 Leadership
Incident Reporting 172 Leadership
Near Miss 172 Leadership
Occurrence Reporting 172 Leadership
Patient Safety Events 172 Leadership
Sentinel Event 172 Leadership
Aggregate 173 Community Health
Community 173 Community Health
Community-Based Nursing 173 Community Health
Community-Oriented Nursing 173 Community Health
Faith-Based Nurse 174 Community Health
Home Health Nurse 174 Community Health
Hospice Nurse 174 Community Health
Occupational Health Nurse 174 Community Health
Parish Nurse 174 Community Health
School Nurse 174 Community Health
Prevention Levels 175 Community Health
Primary Prevention 175 Community Health
Secondary Prevention 175 Community Health
Tertiary Prevention 175 Community Health
Determinants of Health 176 Community Health
Air Pollution 177 Community Health
Food Deserts 177 Community Health
Occupational Hazards 177 Community Health
Water Contamination 177 Community Health
Environmental Hazards 177-179 Community Health
Lead Poisoning 178 Community Health
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning 179 Community Health
Homeless 180 Community Health
LGBT+ 180 Community Health
Migrant Workers 180 Community Health
Veterans 180 Community Health
Vulnerable Populations 180 Community Health
Violence 181 Community Health
Medicaid 182 Community Health
Medicare 182 Community Health
Family Assessment Tools 185 Community Health
Family Health Risks 185 Community Health
Family Nursing 185 Community Health
Family Systems Theory 185 Community Health
Community Health Plan 186 Community Health
Community Assessment 187 Community Health
Direct Observation 187 Community Health
Informant Interviews 187 Community Health
Secondary Analysis 187 Community Health
Surveys 187 Community Health
Windshield Survey 187 Community Health
Epidemiologic Triangle 188 Community Health
Epidemiology 188-189 Community Health
Attack Rate 189 Community Health
Endemic 189 Community Health
Epidemic 189 Community Health
Incidence 189 Community Health
Pandemic 189 Community Health
Prevalence 189 Community Health
Nationally Notifiable Diseases 190 Community Health
Anthrax 191 Community Health
Bioterrorism 191 Community Health
Smallpox 191 Community Health
Disaster Mitigation 192 Community Health
Disaster Preparedness 192 Community Health
Disaster Recovery 192 Community Health
Disaster Response 192 Community Health
Disasters 192 Community Health
Mass Casualty Event 193 Community Health
Triage 193 Community Health