Pediatric Nursing Flashcards

The Pediatric Nursing Flashcards were designed to help both nurses and nursing students learn and retain information about caring for pediatric patients. The flashcards are both a clear, complete study tool and a helpful reference for practicing RNs, PNs, and other medical professionals. These flashcards will help you learn:

  • Principles of Pediatric Nursing
  • Normal Growth and Development
  • Alterations in Health

What's included?

  • Two hundred seventeen (217) 3” x 5” flashcards. Each section has a cover card, and an index is also provided. Our flashcards are durable, with a glossy front and a matte back for easy note-taking.
  • Important terms or facts called out in bolded, red text.
  • Cool Chicken Helpful, silly hints highlighted with a Cool Chicken icon.
  • magnifying glass Key nursing considerations indicated with a magnifying glass.
  • References to cards in our other flashcards (including Pharmacology), so you can quickly and easily look up associated information.

Principles of Pediatric Nursing

This section lays the groundwork for being able to assess and care for pediatric patients. Topics in this section include:

  • Families: Types of Families, Family Theories, Types of Parenting.
  • Theories of Cognitive and Psychosocial Development.
  • Child Safety: Car Seats, Injury Prevention (e.g., drowning, burns, poisoning, choking).
  • Child Abuse: Types of Abuse, Risk Factors, Signs of Abuse, Reporting Requirements.
  • Key Components of a Pediatric Assessment.
  • Expected Pediatric Vital Signs
  • Pediatric Pain Scales.
  • Vaccinations: Pediatric Schedules, Contraindications, and Administration.
  • Informed Consent and Assent.
  • Safe Medication Administration.
  • Hospitalization of Children, Concept of Illness/Death by Age.

Normal Growth and Development

This section provides expected assessment findings for infants, toddlers, preschoolers, school age children, and adolescents. Each age range includes expected findings for:

  • Physical Growth and Development (e.g., height/weight, head circumference, fontanelles, dentition, reflexes, gross and fine motor skills).
  • Cognitive Development (e.g., language, normal behaviors).
  • Psychosocial Development (e.g., age appropriate play).

Parental Guidance is also provided for each age range, and includes important teaching for: nutrition, sleep safety, dental health, vaccinations, and more.

Alterations in Health

This section provides information on the most important health disorders that affect pediatric patients, broken into 10 body systems. Information provided for each disorder includes: a definition of the disorder, brief pathophysiology, risk factors, signs/symptoms, diagnostics/labs, treatment, nursing care, and family teaching. Specific disorders contained in the flashcards are below:

  • Respiratory: Otitis Externa, Otitis Media, Acute Streptococcal Pharyngitis (Strep Throat), Tonsillitis, Epiglottitis, Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis, Bronchiolitis (RSV), Pertussis (Whooping Cough), Influenza, Pneumonia, Asthma, Cystic Fibrosis, Apnea of Prematurity, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), Respiratory Distress/Failure, Brief Resolved Unexplained Event (BRUE) or Apparent Life Threatening Event (ALTE), Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
  • Cardiovascular: Congenital Heart Defects, Heart Failure, Hypoxemia, Infective Endocarditis, Rheumatic Fever, Kawasaki Disease, Iron-Deficient Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Thalassemia, Hemophilia, Epistaxis.
  • Nervous: Conjunctivitis, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP), Visual Impairments, Hearing Impairments, Seizures, Head Injury, Meningitis, Reye’s Syndrome, Lead Poisoning, Spina Bifida, Cerebral Palsy, Trisomy 21 (Down’s Syndrome), Fragile X, Duchenne’s Muscular Dystrophy, ADHD, Autism.
  • Musculoskeletal: Positional Plagiocephaly, Scoliosis, Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Legg-Calve Perthes, Clubfoot, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Rickets, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Osteomyelitis, Fractures.
  • Endocrine: Precocious Puberty, Growth Hormone Deficiency, Growth Hormone Excess, Diabetes Insipidus (DI), Syndrome of Inappropriate ADH (SIADH), Diabetes Mellitus, Pheochromocytoma.
  • Gastrointestinal: Cleft Lip/Palate, Esophageal Atresia & Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER), Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis, Meckel’s Diverticulum, Intussusception, Short Bowel Syndrome, Celiac Disease, Omphalocele/Gastroschisis, Appendicitis, Hirschsprung’s Disease, Failure to Thrive (FTT), Colic, Acute Infectious Diarrhea, Enterobiasis (Pinworm).
  • Renal: Nephrotic Syndrome, Acute Glomerulonephritis (AGN), Acute Kidney Injury, Chronic Renal Failure, Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Vesicoureteral Reflux, Exstrophy of the Bladder, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Hypospadias and Epispadias.
  • Reproductive: Gynecomastia, Ambiguous Genitalia, Cryptorchidism, Testicular Torsion, Epididymitis, Varicocele, Phimosis.
  • Immune: Chickenpox (Varicella), Fifth’s Disease, Roseola, Measles (Rubeola), Rubella (German Measles), Mumps (Paramyxovirus), Hand Foot and Mouth Disease, Mononucleosis, Retinoblastoma, Neuroblastoma, Wilm’s Tumor, Testicular Cancer, Osteosarcoma, Leukemia, Lymphoma.
  • Integumentary: Mongolian Spots, Cradle Cap, Thrush/Candidiasis, Impetigo, Acne, Diaper Dermatitis, Atopic Dermatitis, Dermatophytosis, Bites & Stings, Scabies, Lice, Lyme Disease, Burns.
For more detail, check out the searchable, interactive index of Pediatric Nursing Topics.

Which Nursing Exams Do These Flashcards Help With?

  • NCLEX and comprehensive predictor exams (e.g. ATI, HESI)
  • Nursing class exams that cover pediatric nursing material

Who will level up their learning using these flashcards?

  • Nursing students
  • Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
  • Registered Nurse (RN)
  • Patient Care Assistant (PCA)

Cool Chicken icon

The Legend of Cool Chicken

Have you heard the legend of Cool Chicken? It is our most memorable (and talked about) memory aide. As it turns out, nursing material is a lot more fun to learn when you make up silly stories to "explain" the concepts.

This wacky hint has its origin in our Pharmacology videos!

Colchicine is a medication used to treat an acute gout attack.

HINT: Colchicine kind of looks like 'cool chicken'.

Guy to his friend with a chicken: "Hey man, cool chicken. OUCH! Your chicken just pecked and cut my gouty toe!"

The Level Up RN community loved this hint, and it was the reason we started adding more hints to our flashcards.

The Cool Chicken highlights a silly memory device that makes it easier to learn the material you need to know!


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