Pharmacology Cards: The Pro Tips

by Cathy Parkes August 19, 2020 Updated: April 27, 2022 3 min read 2 Comments

The Pharmacology Cards for Nursing Students that we created will allow you to focus on the most important aspects of the medications you need to know for your Pharmacology exam. In addition to the content provided in the flashcards, we have included some of Cathy's PRO tips for studying pharmacology below.

Check out our interactive Pharmacology Study Guide.

How to Study Pharmacology

studying icon

Study Smarter

  • Memorize the GENERIC name of the medication. The generic drug name will always be provided, but the brand name is often not provided.
  • These cards are most effectively used in conjunction with watching our Pharmacology video series.
  • Feel free to write down tips or other notes on the back of the cards. We designed the back of the cards to be matte for just that purpose!
  • We recommend taking 20-30 cards with you on a walk, multiple times a week. Getting exercise will help you think more clearly (and feel better physically). Also, studying and walking at the same time (if you can) is a more efficient use of your time.
  • Research shows that studying for 1-2 hours multiple times a week is BETTER than studying for many hours on one day. You will retain much more information.
wayfinding icon

Short Cuts & Hacks

  • When in doubt regarding a food interaction, go with grapefruit juice!
  • When asked about a common side effect, go with something like GI upset or headache. Not something serious like urinary retention or seizures.
  • Know your anticholinergic side effects. Cathy's PG-13 tip: Can’t see, can’t pee, can’t spit, can’t s**t. The most serious anticholinergic side effect is typically urinary retention.
  • Know how to counteract anticholinergic medication side effects: chew sugarless gum, wear sunglasses, consume a high fiber diet, and increase fluid consumption
  • Medications that end in -sone are typically steroids. Know your steroid side effects: bone loss, weight gain/fluid retention, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, infection, peptic ulcer disease.
  • Herbal supplements like garlic, ginger, and ginkgo biloba often cause the increased risk of bleeding. Note these all start with G!
  • Medications that end in -mab or -nib are immunosuppressants that are often used to treat cancer and autoimmune disorders. The big side effect to know is increased risk of infection.
  • MOST meds are contraindicated for pregnancy. When in doubt, assume a medication is NOT safe for pregnant patients.
  • Assume it is NOT advised to drink alcohol with most medications.
caution icon


  • Anticoagulants, antiplatelets, thrombolytics should be used cautiously in patients with peptic ulcer disease, recent surgery, and intracranial bleed due to the increased risk of bleeding!
  • Concurrent use of NSAIDS, heparin, warfarin, antiplatelets, thrombolytics increase the risk of bleeding.
  • In general, patients should never discontinue medications abruptly or double up on doses (exception: birth control pills).
  • With antibiotics, it is super important to complete the entire course of therapy. Do culture and sensitivity before initiating therapy.
  • Do not chew/crush extended-release capsules.
  • Apply transdermal patches to hairless, intact skin.
syringe icon


  • Vaccinations typically have the following side effects: low-grade fever, pain at injection site, and irritability. Vaccines are NOT contraindicated for common colds or minor illnesses.
  • Vaccines are contraindicated in the following situations:
    • Previous anaphylactic reaction to a vaccine
    • Allergy to a component of vaccine (like egg protein)
    • Seizure within 3 days of vaccination
    • High fever (105 F or higher) within 2 days of vaccination
    • Encephalopathy after vaccination
    • Pregnancy (for many vaccines)
    • Severe immunodeficiency (for many vaccines)
  • Specific contraindications for vaccines include the following:
    • IPV vaccine: pregnancy or allergy to streptomycin, neomycin
    • Varicella vaccine: allergy to gelatin/neomycin
    • Hepatitis B, HPV2/HPV4 vaccines: allergy to baker’s yeast
    • Influenza, MCV4 vaccines: History of Guillain Barre syndrome

We wish you the best of luck in studying for your exams, and in your nursing school journey!


2 Responses


September 15, 2021

please keep these LEVEL UP RN, FOR ME AND SEND ME MORE OF IT .


February 18, 2021

I enjoyed your lectures, thank you for making nursing simple

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.

Related Posts

Reference Your Way to Success - Owning Your Nursing School Journey

Reference Your Way to Success - Owning Your Nursing School Journey

by Meris Shuwarger BSN, RN, CEN, TCRN Dec 13, 2021 4 min read

When you're in nursing school, having to constantly turn to your reference and diagnostic manuals to look up lab ranges during class, assignments, or clinical, can be exhausting. Meris explains how having easily available nursing reference material can save you time and energy.

Read Article
Join us for a webinar on LGBT+ Inclusive Care on Wednesday, October 20  @ 3pm

Webinar: LGBT+ Inclusive Care Basics for Healthcare Professionals

by Meris Shuwarger BSN, RN, CEN, TCRN Oct 10, 2021 37 min read 1 Comment

We're hosting a webinar on LGBT+ inclusive care on October 20, 2021. Meris Shuwarger, BSN, RN (she/they) will present real-world, helpful information on how to provide competent and inclusive care to the LGBT+ community.
Read Article
World Mental Health Day: Meris's Tips on How to Deal When You're Struggling

World Mental Health Day: Meris's Tips on How to Deal When You're Struggling

by Meris Shuwarger BSN, RN, CEN, TCRN Oct 10, 2021 12 min read 1 Comment

For World Mental Health Day, Meris shares her experiences struggling with her own mental health and mental illnesses, and shares two of her strategies for dealing with times of low energy or poor mental health.
Read Article